Venezuela general information

Venezuela location

Geographical location of Venezuela

In the northern end of South America, Venezuela has a privileged location:
to the north, the Caribbean Sea bathes its immense coastline giving the title of "Country with the longest coastline in the Caribbean Sea" (more than 2.700 km). To the south, Venezuela limits with Brazil, Guyana to the east and Colombia by the west.
Also worth mention other countries with which Venezuela limits through its territorial waters as are the Netherlands islands of Curacao, Aruba and Bonaire a few miles to the north in the Caribbean Sea, and the islands of Trinidad and Tobago to the northeast in the Atlantic Ocean.
The total area of Venezuela is 912,050 km² and lies between 59°48’ and 73°25’ west,  0°45’ and 12°12’ north.

 

Climate of Venezuela

Climate of Venezuela

The geographical diversity of Venezuela is reflected in a variety of climates directly associated with existing landscapes.The annual average temperature throughout Venezuelan territory is above 25°C. A tropical climate with temperatures between 28°C and 38°C (during the day), predominates in most regions of the country. Between 1000 and 2000 meters, the temperatures range from 16°C and 23°C.
Like all tropical countries, Venezuela has only two seasons, dry season, known as "verano" (summer in Spanish) and the rainy season known as "invierno" (winter), characterized by the difference in rainfall. In general, the rainy season lasts from May/June until December/January, and the dry season the rest of the year. However, it may rain during the dry season and the rainy season often has dry months.
Rainfall in Venezuela vary according the region: the most rainy areas are located south of Lake Maracaibo and Guayana region (Bolivar, Amazonas and Delta Amacuro States). The regions with less rainfall are the Caribbean coast of Falcon State, the plains of Guarico, Lara, Anzoategui, Monagas and Nueva Esparta (Margarita island, Coche and Cubagua), as well all venezuelan islands (La Blanquilla, La Tortuga, archipelago Los Roques, etc).

 

Venezuela regions

States and Regions of Venezuela

The territory of Venezuela is constituted by 23 states, 1 Capital District (where is Caracas, the capital city), and the Federal Dependencies (74 islands in the Caribbean Sea), which in turn are integrated into 9 administrative regions (Capital, Central, Los Llanos, Central-Western, Zulia, Los Andes, North-Eastern, Insular and Guayana). These administrative regions were created in 1980 by presidential decree.

 

Population of Venezuela

Population of Venezuela

The current population of Venezuela is the result of strong miscegenation initiated in colonial times between American indigenous and Spanish settlers, and, at the end of the 16th century, a significant slave population arrived from Africa.
In late 1940, with the start of the industrialization, began a migration of Spanish, Italian and Portuguese, as well as from the South American continent which was increased until the 70’s. At present, all these migrations have resulted in a fully integrated population, where there is no kind of interracial conflict.
Venezuela's population (estimated for November 2010) was 29,105,362 inhabitants, with a population density of 30.2 inhabitants /km². However, the distribution is not balanced: over 80% of the population is clustered in coastal areas, valleys and foothills of the Cordillera de la Costa and the Andes, creating large gaps population to south of the fluvial axis Orinoco-Apure.
Over 40% of the population is settled in the eight biggest cities of the country.
In southern Venezuela and part of the Zulia region is located most of the indigenous population which barely reach 1.5% of national total. 12% of whole population lives in rural areas.
The official and national language of Venezuela is Spanish, although there are other languages spoken by the indigenous populations such as Wayúu, Pemón, Warao, etc.

 

Religion in Venezuela

Religion in Venezuela

The Constitution (law) provides for freedom of worship. About 96% of Venezuela’s population identifies as Christian, mostly belonging to the Catholic Church.
As well, a significant number of Venezuelans belong to the Evangelical Church, which is the second in the country. The rest are followers of other cults such as Hinduism, Buddhism Islam and Judaism.
Also worth mentioning, much of the Afro-Latin American population practice a cult called SanterĂ­a, which is a syncretic religion of West African and Caribbean origin influenced by Roman Catholic Christianity.